What is Utopia:

As utopia is called the idea, ideation, or representation of an idea, fantastic, imaginary, and unrealizable civilization, parallel or alternative to the current world.

The term utopia can also designate that project or doctrine that is considered ideal, but unfeasible or difficult to put into practice: "communist utopia", "anarchist utopia".

In this sense, utopia can also be considered an optimistic way of conceiving how we would like the world and things to be: "I know that the way I propose that the country works is utopian."

Due to its important idealistic content, utopia offers the ground to formulate and design alternative life systems in society, fairer, more coherent, and more ethical.

For this reason, it has been extended to different areas of human life, and there is talk of economic, political, social, religious, educational, technological, and ecologist or environmentalist utopias.

The most important philosophy book for its utopian content is Plato's Republic, where he formulates his political thought and his ideas about how a society should work to achieve perfection.

As such, the term utopia was invented by the English writer and humanist Thomas More or Tomás Moro in Spanish, from the Greek words οὐ (ou), which means 'no', and τόπος (tópos), which translates 'place'. , that is to say: 'place that does not exist.

Thomas More's Utopia

Utopia is the name by which Thomas More’s book is commonly known entitled De optima republican, deque nova insula Utopia, libelous vere aureus, nec minus salutaris quam Festivus, which translates “Golden book, no less wholesome than festive, of the best of the Republics and the New Island of Utopia,” originally published in 1516.

Thomas More, impressed by the extraordinary narratives of Américo Vespucio about the island of Fernando de Noronha, which was sighted by Europeans in 1503, considered that a perfect civilization could be built on that same island.

For Thomas More, utopia was a communal society, rationally organized, where houses and goods would be collective property and not individual, and people would spend their free time reading and art, since they would not be sent to war, except in extreme situations; therefore, this society would live in peace, happiness, justice and in full harmony of interests.

In this sense, Thomas More's Utopia also contains, within its idealistic formulation, a strong message of critical content towards the regimes that ruled in Europe during his time.

utopia and dystopia

Dystopia, as such, is anti-utopia or the opposite, negative face of utopia. Although utopia idealizes and projects systems and doctrines of perfect, functional, and suitable societies, dystopia takes the consequences of disciplinary utopian approaches, such as that of Thomas More, to undesirable extremes.

In this sense, dystopia explores reality to anticipate how certain methods of conducting society could lead to totalitarian, unjust and terrible systems. A quintessential dystopian book is George Orwell's novel titled 1984.